What Are The Types Of Roofs?

What Are The Types Of Roofs?

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    When constructing a new home or making improvements to an existing one, the choice of roof is more important than most folks understand. The primary function of a roof is to keep the elements out of a home and off of its inhabitants, but roofs have many other uses as well.

    For instance, the curve of a roof greatly contributes to the character and design of a home. A strong roof not only protects your home from the elements, but it may also add square footage to your property and increase its value.

    Read this comprehensive guide on roof architecture on styles to learn about the different types of roofs and choose the right one for your house, outbuilding, or commercial building. In addition, we will discuss the best roofing materials to use for various roof styles.

    It can be difficult to go through all the options when it comes to deciding what kind of roof, what kind of roof design, and what kind of roofing material would be best for your home.

    Depending on your budget, taste in aesthetics, and the sort of roof you have, you can choose from a wide range of options. Now, let's examine the wide variety of roofs, roofing materials, and roof styles available.

    Lean-To And Skillion

    Skillion and lean-to roofs are characterised by contrasting slopes that frequently meet in the middle, giving the structures a dramatic appearance. Not only is there no ridge, but the roof is also not perfectly vertical, making it look like a shed or a sloping roof.

    Because of this, a building's walls can be any height. A skillion roof can give a home a striking, contemporary aspect because it gives a defined area for angular dormer windows to be installed in an area that would otherwise be dark.

    The construction of skillion roofs is simple, cheap, and quick. Their steep pitch allows water to quickly and efficiently run off, avoiding the need for expensive waterproofing techniques that are typically used on roofs with a lower pitch.

    In addition to evoking a more minimalist aesthetic, the steeper pitch of a skillion roof also suggests the use of sleeker materials, such as metal, in comparison to the traditional shingles or tiles used in a gable or hip roof.

    Gable Window

    What Are The Types Of Roofs2

    If you give a child five minutes to sketch a house, you can be sure it will have the traditional gable roof. Is there a reason why you think that is? That's because, when asked to draw a roof for a house, the majority of us immediately see a traditional gable roof.

    A gable roof's profile is deceptive; it's actually made up of several different types of panels. Gable roofs, in their most basic form, are a long, trapezoidal prism made up of three different sections.

    In contrast to the flat top of a pitched roof, the two sides of such a gable roof slant at an angle. These slanted angles converge at a central ridge that extends in a direction perpendicular towards the length of such a house. The triangular, vertical sections of the wall that reach from the base of the eaves to the top of the ridge are known as gables, and they are exposed between the slanted ends of the building.

    Gable Box

    Box gable roofs are characterised by a triangle protrusion at either end of the building and a boxy, tapered termination to the roof section. This roof pattern is unique to a gable, but it puts greater emphasis on the triangle part of the roof.


    Dormer roofs are characterised by a roofed structure, typically a window, that protrudes vertically beyond the planes of a pitched roof. Dormers, also known as roof windows, are an excellent way to provide light and ventilation to a lofted room without sacrificing any of the ceiling height.


    Hip roofs resemble a truncated pyramid and have downward-sloping sides and minimal roof angles. A hip roof does not have any vertical sides that reach up to the roof, often known as gables.

    Valley And Hip

    In the same way that a conventional hip roof can serve as a model for other roof types and angles, hip and valley roofs can be used when a building requires a combination of roof types or angles to accommodate the layouts of architectural components.


    The gambrel roof is a symmetrical, two-sided panel design with sloping slopes on both sides. Their layout incorporates the benefits of slanted roof angles while increasing the vertical area of a building's upper stories while decreasing the overall height of the roof.


    A mansard roof is just a four-sided variation of the gambrel roof, characterised by two slopes upon every side with dormer windows set at a steeper angle on the lower slope than those on the upper.


    A butterfly roof is characterised by a V-shaped configuration that is meant to recall the shape of a butterfly's wings. It differs from a conventional roof in that it has two angles that descend from opposite sides to a valley in the middle of the structure.

    Hip Intersecting/Overlayed

    Combining the classic forms of the gable and hip roofs creates a more dynamic, stately, and timeless look that is perfect for homes with elaborate floor plans and upper stories.

    Gable, Dutch

    Dutch gable roofs have a little gable at the peak of a hipped roof, creating an air of bucolic idyll.


    By shortening the peaks of a gable, a jerkinhead roof can be made to look like a hip roof. Here, the apex of a regular gable roof has been streamlined with trimmed roof angles to better withstand wind.


    Flat roofs are a classic roofing design that are commonly utilised in dry conditions. In contrast to the many sloped or peaked roof options, flat roofs are simple to build and inexpensive. They include a roof that is nearly flat and level.

    The pitch of a flat roof is typically around 10 degrees. The one drawback to this roof design is the necessity for an effective irrigation system to prevent floods.

    Hipped In The Cross

    This layout, a variant on the hip roof style, is still rather widespread and is typically configured in a 'L.' Two sets of hips, set at right angles to one another, meet in the middle to form the cross in a cross hipped roof.

    M Shaped

    With one of the most distinctive profiles among contemporary roof styles, M-shaped roofs provide the sense of a daring zig-zag horizon, elevating the expressive power of even the most spare and unadorned structures.


    The saltbox home roofing style originates in New England and is typically applied to a wooden frame home to create a long, pointed peak that gradually tapers off towards the back. Because of its tilted design, a saltbox house often has one fewer story with in back than in the front.


    Inspired by the simple elegance of barn roofs, a shed roof has a single sloping plane and typically isn't joined to any other roof surfaces.


    Combination roofs are the ideal option for any building since they provide protection from the elements in any climate. Combination roofs, as their name implies, combine two or more distinct roofing types to great effect, producing a look that is both novel and stunning.

    Keep in mind that if you combine different types of roofs, you run the risk of making unneeded valleys, which can lead to leaks and an overall appearance that is off.


    Inspired by the simple, picturesque lines of barn roofs, a traditional A-frame house has vertical walls with sharp angles that rise from the ground up and meet just at roof.


    In the case of a bonnet roof, the lower slope is less pronounced than the top slope on any and all four sides. Homes with a bonnet roof type not only have a roof, but also typically have an overhang that provides shade for the patio or porch below.

    Valley And Gable

    Gable and Valley roofs, when used together, make the most of the home's interior arching space and are a traditional choice for houses of any size.

    This is because of the gable roof's inward slopes on two sides and the triangle-shaped wall on the other two sides.


    Pitched roofs have a downward slant, either in two angled sections from the ridge or in a single swoop of one end to other. A roof's pitch is defined as the ratio of its vertical rise to its steep horizontal span.


    Pyramid roofs are another style of hip roof; they have all their sides sloping downwards towards the walls and, according to the size of both the building, they can have anywhere from three to five rectangular faces.

    Sloping Flat

    Sloped flat roofs are one of the most striking and simple styles since they consist of a single flat angled plain.

    Roof Replacement: Additional Considerations

    During the course of being a homeowner, you will likely have your roof repaired or replaced.

    Of course, your roof might suffer damage from severe weather and other natural calamities. To keep your roof in good condition, however, you should plan ahead and select a steel roof type or roofing material that is ideal for your location and property.

    Although the forms and styles of roofs on houses vary depending on factors like climate, architectural choice, and individual taste, it's still helpful to be familiar with the typical roof kinds and house roof styles in your region and for the type of home you plan to build.

    You may use this information to make the greatest decision for your situation, whether you're renovating an old structure, designing a brand-new home, or doing everything in between.

    What To Think About When Choosing A Roofing Material

    Now that we've covered the defining characteristics of several roofing types, here are some questions to ask yourself to help you settle on the best roofing material for our home:

    • Where can I find out more about the specialised setup requirements for this material?
    • Is this material available in a wide range of colours and designs that will look good in my house?
    • Does this material adhere to my area's fire safety standards?
    • When it comes to setup and upkeep, are there any particular considerations?
    • How well will different materials function given the typical environmental conditions where I live?
    • In terms of price, lifespan, and guarantee, what options are there for residential roofing?

    If you ask yourself these questions, you'll be able to make a more informed decision about which roofing material and style are right for your house and your budget. Given the wide range of roofing materials available, from the very expensive to the very inexpensive, it's helpful to understand how they vary.

    Roofing Materials To Think About

    Asphalt Shingles

    This style of roof is often used since it is affordable, simple to set up, and requires little maintenance. As an added bonus, asphalt shingles can indeed be made stronger with the addition of fibre glass or organic ingredients without changing their overall appearance.

    • As a plus, asphalt roofing is the least expensive option, comes in a wide range of colours, and is widely accessible.
    • Asphalt has a shorter lifespan than other roofing materials, doesn't insulate as well, and varies widely in quality.
    • Asphalt shingles are compatible with many current home design trends, making them an excellent choice for the conventional suburban home.
    • The cost per square foot can be anything from $65 to $150, and its expected lifespan is 20-25 years with routine care.

    Tiles Made Of Clay and Concrete

    Clay and concrete tiles, sometimes with a Spanish influence, are a great way to add texture and a sense of the exotic to a gable roof. Extremely long-lasting, clay tiles are also cumbersome due to their weight. These concrete tiles can be used for a variety of purposes, and they are much more cost-effective than their clay counterparts.

    • In addition to their longevity and fireproof nature, clay and ceramic pavers are also good investments due to their low initial cost and low maintenance requirements.
    • ConsThey can be pricey, cumbersome, and need supplemental framing.
    • They are a great complement to homes with Spanish, Mexican, Southwestern, or Mediterranean influences.
    • Price per square can range from $300 to $500, and if cared for properly, they can last for 40 years or more.

    Metal Roofing

    You can choose between metal panels and shingles for your roof, both of which are durable and resistant to severe weather. Also, metal roofing can be taken in many different styles due to the wide range of metals available (aluminium, copper, alloy steels, and zinc, to name a few).

    • Pros: Metal roofing outlasts any other roof sheathing by a long shot, is stylish, lightweight, recyclable, and incredibly long-lasting.
    • Metal roofing isn't without its drawbacks, either.
    • Metal roofs complement both modern and contemporary home designs, as well as traditional and cottage-style homes.
    • Cost and Durability: A square foot of this material can run you anywhere from $100 to $300 on average, with more ornate designs costing as much as $600 to $800. In spite of this hefty price tag, metal roofs often endure anywhere from 40–65 years.


    Slate roofs are available in a wide variety of modern aesthetic forms and colours, including black, green, grey, or burgundy.

    • In its favour, slate has high durability, high fire resistance, and is recyclable.
    • Downsides include high costs and the need for specialised framing. In addition, the standard of imported slate materials varies.
    • Slate roofing is commonly seen on Colonial, European, and French-style structures because of these architectural tenets' shared emphasis on symmetry and asymmetry.
    • Prices begin at $600 per square and they have a lifespan of 50 years to 100 years.

    Wood Shingles And Shake

    Wood shingles or shakes have been used for centuries because they look beautiful after a few decades of wear and tear. Wood shake squares, unlike wood shingles, which seem to be machine-cut, have a more natural appearance because of their human-made origin. Try to find wooden shingles that have been coated with a fire retardant.

    • Wood shingles are an attractive option because they are both environmentally friendly and traditional looking.
    • It may be against fire codes in your area. Wet environments pose a particular threat to wood shingles, which can cause them to mildew, crack, or decay.
    • Both choices' rustic charm is a good fit for bungalows, Cape Cods, cottages, Craftsmans, and Tudors.
    • The cost per square foot ranges from $100 to $150, and the expected lifespan is 25-30 years.

    Synthetic Roofing

    What Are The Types Of Roofs

    Synthetic roofing products, which may be purchased at a lower cost, are designed to be sturdy and low-maintenance, with some even featuring fire-resistant construction.

    • Synthetic roofing materials have some clear advantages over their natural counterparts, including being lighter and cheaper.
    • ConsMold and mildew can grow on them if they absorb too much water, and the quality is inconsistent.
    • Synthetic shingles can be used on a wide variety of home designs.
    • The cost is about $300 per square and the expected lifespan is 50 years.

    Solar Panels

    Solar-paneled roofing, one of the most did talk roof designs, has made great strides in recent years. Solar shingles and panels, which harness the sun's rays for energy, are great for the environment since they reduce reliance on fossil fuels.

    Clean, renewable energy can be produced and stored more easily than ever thanks to cutting-edge businesses like Tesla. This is made possible by solar shingles & panels that are both cutting-edge and aesthetically beautiful, as they are made to resemble more conventional roofing materials.

    • Renewable energy sources have a lower initial investment and ongoing maintenance expenses, which are both positives.
    • ConsThey can be pricey, are susceptible to the elements, and solar energy storage is not always cheap.
    • Solar shingles, made possible by recent technology advancements made by companies like Tesla, may now simulate the appearance of a wide variety of conventional roofing materials.
    • With careful care, they can last for 25 years or more for a cost of as low as $25 per square.

    Your climate, your finances, and your home will all play a role in determining the ideal roof for you. Talk to local licenced roofing contractors and check out some of the newest construction in the neighbourhood for some ideas on what's trending in roofing these days.

    There is always the risk of damage, no matter what kind of roof you choose. Roofing repairs can be pricey, so it's important to have insurance in case of an emergency. Contact us if the worst happens and you need a reliable roof restoration company in your local area.


    Getting a good roof for your house is crucial. Typical features of a skillion or lean-to roof are two asymmetrical slopes that meet in the middle. Having a defined space for angled dormer windows, like a skillion roof does, can give a house a striking, modern appearance. Gable roofs have three slopes that form a long trapezoid. The gable roof of a box has a distinctive triangular projection at either end, called a gable end.

    Dormer roofs are a great option for letting natural light and fresh air into a lofted space. One variant of the gambrel roof is the mansard, which has four slopes instead of three. The small gable at the apex of a Dutch gable roof's hipped design conveys a sense of rural tranquilly. Roofs in the shape of a "M" provide the impression of a daringly zigzagging horizon. Regardless of the local climate, a combination roof is the best choice for any structure.

    It's risky to mix and match different roof styles because doing so can result in unwanted valleys, which can let water in and make the building look wrong. Knowing the prevalent roofing materials and home roof types in your area is helpful. Given the vast price range from extremely expensive to very inexpensive roofing materials, it's important to ask yourself the right questions before making a final decision. Gable roofs can benefit from the textural contrast and exotic air of clay and concrete tiles, especially those with a Spanish influence. Even if they last for a very long time, clay tiles are difficult to instal because of their weight.

    These concrete tiles are more cost-effective than their clay counterparts and can be utilised for a variety of purposes. Shakes and shingles made of wood have been popular for ages because they retain their attractive appearance even after decades of weathering. Many synthetic roofing materials are fireproof and extremely low-maintenance. A square foot should expect to pay between $100 and $150. Solar panels and solar shingles convert sunlight into usable electricity.

    They are state-of-the-art and aesthetically pleasing because of how closely they mimic other common types of roofing. For as little as $25 per square foot, you may get a floor that will endure for at least 25 years with proper maintenance.

    Content Summary

    1. Most people don't realise how significant a decision selecting a roof is when building a new house or making renovations to an existing one.
    2. Consider the effect that a swooping roofline can have on the overall feel and look of a building.
    3. If you want to know more about the various roofing options available for your home, garage, or business, then this article is for you.
    4. Moreover, we will talk about the best roofing materials to employ for different roof types.
    5. It's not always easy to sort through all the possibilities to find the finest roof, roof design, and roofing material for your home.
    6. There is a vast variety of alternatives available to suit a variety of budgets and aesthetic preferences, as well as different types of roofs.
    7. Let's take a look at the many options we have for roofs, materials, and designs.
    8. Installing a skillion roof is a straightforward, low-cost, and quick project.
    9. If you give a kid five minutes to draw a house, it will have a gable roof like every other kid's.
    10. Reason being, when most of us are asked to design a roof for a house, the first thing that comes to mind is a conventional gable roof.
    11. The appearance of a gable roof is misleading since it is constructed from a variety of panels.
    12. When a structure needs a variety of roof types or angles to suit the layouts of architectural components, hip and valley roofs can be employed in the same manner that a standard hip roof can serve as a model for other roof kinds and angles.
    13. The gambrel roof is characterised by steep slopes on both sides of a symmetrical, two-sided panel pattern.
    14. The distinctive V-shape of a butterfly roof is supposed to evoke the fluttering of a butterfly's wings.
    15. Unlike a regular roof, this one has two angles that slope down to a valley in the middle of the building.
    16. The dynamic, dignified, and timeless aspect achieved by combining the classic shapes of the gable and hip roofs is well suited to residences with extensive floor plans and higher storeys.
    17. The small gable at the apex of a Dutch gable roof's hipped design conveys a sense of rural tranquilly.
    18. Jerkinhead roofs can be converted into hip roofs by cutting down on the height of the gable ends.
    19. Traditional flat roofs are frequently used in arid climates and are a tried and true roofing style.
    20. Flat roofs are easy to construct and less expensive than other types of roofs, such as those with slopes or peaks.
    21. This design, which is a spin on the hip roof, is still popular and often takes the form of a 'L.' With a cross hipped roof, the two sets of hips meet in the middle to form a cross.
    22. M-shaped roofs have one of the most recognisable characteristics among modern roof types; they provide the impression of a daring zigzag horizon, which can boost the expressive power of even the simplest buildings.
    23. The New England saltbox is characterised by a tall, tapering peak at the front and a shorter, wider peak at the back, both of which are indicative of the style's application to wooden-frame construction.
    24. Regardless of the local climate, a combination roof is the best choice for any structure.
    25. A conventional A-frame home takes its architectural cues from the clean, attractive lines of barn roofs, and hence features parallel, vertical walls that rise from the ground and meet at the top.
    26. Bonnet-roof style homes have a roof, but they also feature an overhang that can be used to shade an outside space.
    27. Combining a gable with a valley roof is a classic way to maximise the soaring ceiling area in a home of any size.
    28. The pitch of a roof is measured in terms of the angle formed by the roof's sharp vertical ascent and shallow horizontal run.
    29. Most homeowners will need roofing work done at some point during their tenure as property owners.
    30. However, you may extend the life of your roof by making an informed decision about the type of steel roof or other roofing material that is best for your area and property.
    31. Although climate, architectural preference, and individual taste all play a role in determining the form and style of a home's roof, it's still helpful to be familiar with the most common roof types and house roof styles in your area and for the type of home you plan to build.
    32. You'll be able to choose the best roofing material and design for your home and budget if you ask yourself these questions.
    33. As there is a large price range for roofing materials, from extremely expensive to extremely cheap, it is useful to be aware of these differences.
    34. Gable roofs can benefit from the textural contrast and exotic air of clay and concrete tiles, especially those with a Spanish influence.
    35. Clay and ceramic pavers are a wise financial investment for a number of reasons, including their lifespan, fire resistance, low initial cost, and minimal upkeep needs.
    36. To protect your home from the elements, you have a few roofing material options, including metal panels and shingles.
    37. The use of metal for roofing has both advantages and disadvantages.
    38. Furthermore, imported slate materials can have varying quality standards.
    39. Shakes and shingles made of wood have been popular for ages because they retain their attractive appearance even after decades of weathering.
    40. In order to prevent fires, look for wooden shingles that have been treated with a fire retardant.
    41. Wood shingles are popular because they are both eco-friendly and classic in appearance.
    42. Local fire regulations may forbid it.
    43. Shingles made of wood are especially vulnerable to mildew, cracking, and deterioration when exposed to damp conditions.
    44. For a fraction of the price, you can get synthetic roofing materials that are built to last and require little in the way of upkeep, with some even being fireproof.
    45. Synthetic roofing materials are more convenient and economical than their natural counterparts.
    46. There is no limit to the architectural styles that can benefit from synthetic shingles.
    47. Solar panels and shingles are beneficial to the planet since they cut down on the need for fossil fuels to generate electricity.
    48. Ingenious corporations like Tesla have made it simpler than ever to generate and store clean, renewable energy.
    49. Modern solar shingles and panels achieve this by mimicking the look of traditional tiles or slate.
    50. They can be costly, are not always affordable, and are vulnerable to the elements.
    51. The best roof for you will depend on factors including your local weather, your budget, and the style of your house.
    52. Find out what's popular in roofing by talking to licenced roofers in your area and taking a look at some of the newest buildings in your area.
    53. No matter what type of roof you instal, it could be damaged at any time.
    54. Insurance is very recommended in the event of a roofing emergency due to the high cost of necessary repairs.

    Frequently Asked Questions About Types Of Roofs

    Three Common Roof Designs and Their Advantages

    • Hip. 
    • Gable. 
    • Flat. 

    The styles above – gable roofs, hip roofs, jerkinhead roofs, mansard roofs, gambrel roofs, and saltbox roofs – are all pitched roofs.

    The most durable types of roofing are slate and clay tiles, but they're more expensive than materials like metal or wood. Functional roofing alternatives like green roofs and solar shingles are among the most expensive. Replacing an old roof is one of the best and most profitable ways to invest in a home.

    The simplest is the lean-to, or shed, with only one slope. A roof with two slopes that form an “A” or triangle is called a gable or pitched roof.

    Clay and concrete are two of the longest-lasting roof tile materials available. With a potential life expectancy of over 100 years, many clays and concrete roof tiles even outlive the property they've been installed on. Slate tiles are another top-level choice in terms of longevity.

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